The Shroud of Turin in a linen cloth, three meters in length, that bears an image of a man some believe to be Jesus Christ. The cloth is thought by many to have been used to wrap Christ’s body after his crucifixion.
The new research, carried out by various institutions under Italy’s National Research Council and published in the US scientific journal Plos One, contradicts the theory that Jesus’ face was painted onto the cloth by forgers in medieval times.
Elvio Carlino, who led the research at the Institute of Crystallography in Bari, Italy, says the cloth contains nanoparticles of creatinine bounded with small nanoparticles of iron oxide, which indicate severe trauma rather than paint.
The victim wrapped in the funeral cloth likely underwent “great suffering” before his death, said Carlino speaking to Italian newspaper La Stampa.
Professor Giulio Fanti from the University of Padua agreed the blood contained high levels of creatinine and ferritin, usually found in victims who suffer trauma or torture.
“Hence, the presence of these biological nanoparticles found during our experiments point to a violent death for the man wrapped in the Turin Shroud,” said Fanti.
This study marks the first time “the nanoscale properties of a pristine fiber taken from the Turin Shroud” were analysed using “methods recently developed in the field of electron microscopy,” according to Carlino.